Vidya Pravesh: A Gateway to Foundational Learning in India’s K-12 Education

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The Indian government has been steadfast in its commitment to revamp the education system, particularly focusing on the foundational years of learning. The Vidya Pravesh initiative is a testament to this commitment, aiming to provide a smooth transition for children entering the formal education system. This comprehensive report explores the Vidya Pravesh scheme, its objectives, implementation, and its role within the broader context of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020.

Vidya Pravesh Scheme: An Overview

Launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on July 29, 2021, the Vidya Pravesh scheme is a three-month play-based school preparation module designed for first-grade students 1 2 3. It aims to prepare students for school through play schools, with a particular focus on spreading this concept to rural areas 4. The scheme is part of the broader National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy (NIPUN Bharat Mission) and aligns with the NEP 2020’s recommendations for early childhood education 5 6 7.

Objectives and Implementation

Vidya Pravesh aims to encourage and develop an interest in school among children, particularly those from rural backgrounds 8. It seeks to shape students in the right direction from the basic school level, ensuring education for all in the long run 9. The scheme has been implemented across 36 States and Union Territories, covering over 1.01 crore students from nearly 8.45 lakh schools 10 11.

The module, developed by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), is well-aligned with the learning outcomes of Pre-school 3 (Balvatika) in Nipun Bharat Guidelines 12 13 14. It includes activities, games, art integration, and storytelling tools to achieve developmental goals 15.

Challenges and Solutions

Implementing early childhood care and education (ECCE) initiatives like Vidya Pravesh is not without challenges. These include ensuring the safety of pre-primary school children, large-scale training of schoolteachers, filling up vacant positions for schoolteachers, and constructing additional classrooms and facilities 16.

To address these challenges, the government has issued guidelines for provisioning academic resource persons for career counselling, established Vidya Sameeksha Kendra (VSK) for monitoring, and is upgrading District Institutes of Education and Training (DIETs) into institutes of excellence 17 18.

Impact and Future Directions

Vidya Pravesh is an integral part of the government’s efforts to ensure that every child attains foundational literacy and numeracy by the end of Grade III, no later than Grade V, by 2025 19 20. The program provides a nurturing environment for young minds, preparing them for a lifelong journey of learning 21.

The scheme’s success is evident in its widespread implementation and the number of students covered. As of 2023, a significant percentage of students and schools across the country have participated in the Vidya Pravesh programme 10 11.


Vidya Pravesh is a pioneering initiative that underscores the Indian government’s dedication to strengthening the foundation of the country’s education system. By focusing on early childhood learning and ensuring a warm and welcoming environment for first-grade students, the scheme is setting the stage for a brighter educational future for millions of children. As part of the larger NIPUN Bharat Mission, Vidya Pravesh is a critical step towards achieving the ambitious goals set forth by the NEP 2020, ensuring that every child in India has the opportunity to reach their full potential from the very beginning of their educational journey.